Mouth ulcers can be very unpleasant little blighters. They’re often really painful and can be rather distracting, especially when eating. And, if you ask me, anything that makes eating difficult makes life more miserable. They tend to be self-limiting, but for those most painful moments, there aren’t that many treatment options available over the counter. There’s a new product available in Boots currently called Herpatch mouth ulcer gel, so I thought I’d cast an eye over it to see whether it’s worth spending your hard earned cash on.
What's in a name? Mainly confusion in this case
Its actually been quite hard to find manufacturer’s information on this product due to some brand name issues. It would seem that the Herpatch range is being marketed elsewhere in Europe as two products for cold sores, a preventer and a treatment “serum”. The same manufacturers also market a product called Aphtgel, which is for mouth ulcers.
It seems that in the UK, however, the picture is less clear. From what I’ve managed to cobble together, only two products are being marketed, and they’re both doing so under the Herpatch brand. There is a mouth ulcer gel, which appears to be the same as Aphtgel, as well as the cold sore preventer product. The serum doesn’t appear to be available over here yet. The brand name makes little sense for the mouth ulcer product- there’s no patches, it has nothing to do with herpes, and it ends up sounding gender specific, which is nonsense.
What is it?
This actually seems like a very reasonable mode of action. Forming a cover over the ulcer may in theory reduce pain, as well as reducing the likelihood that a secondary bacterial infection can creep in and make itself comfortable. It’s also useful to cover over an ulcer whilst it heals, but its obviously very difficult to stick a plaster in your gob, so a product like this certainly does have an important role, at least in theory. It’s not a new concept, but refreshingly it also doesn’t seem to be marketed as such. A product called Orabase used to do a similar sort of job, though its no longer available.
The main active ingredient is hyaluronic acid, which is naturally abundant in skin and cartilage, along with a few other bits and pieces like xanthan gum and cellulose. Basically, it contains a collection of gloopy, sticky stuff that probably won’t dissolve immediately when in contact with saliva.
Medicine vs Medical Device?
As with many new Over the Counter products, Herpatch gel isn’t actually a medicine. Instead, it is classed as a medical device- a fact that is fairly difficult to deduce unless you do a fair bit of poking about on the manufacturer’s website. This means that the product doesn’t have to go through the rigorous testing that a medicine would, and it shouldn’t have any direct pharmacological effect- in this case it forms a physical barrier, but isn’t absorbed greatly and doesn’t produce any other effects on the body.
Does it work?
Wonders will never cease, but it seems that there is actually some half-decent evidence that this product works. There are some actual, real life trials for gingivitis, periodontitis, and a similar product is already licensed for chemotherapy-induced mucositis. There’s not much evidence, admittedly, but the published stuff seems to suggest a decent effect size. It’s worth noting that most trials and evidence include people with recurrent or more severe ulcers, which might skew the results somewhat- most of the folk buying it over the counter will be using it for the occasional ulcer rather than for a more serious, recurrent problem.
Is it safe?
Evidence seems to suggest that topical hyaluronic acid is well tolerated and there aren’t really any safety concerns that I can see think of with this product. One problem could be indirect harm caused by lengthy self-treatment of an ongoing problem. If an ulcer persists for more than 3 weeks, there’s a possibility that it could be something more suspicious.
Using the product might be a bit onerous. The aforementioned Orabase used to be a claggy, gritty paste which felt pretty unpleasant in your mouth. Being a gel, I’d imagine that Herpatch might feel a bit better, but there’s still a possibility that it might feel weird. You’re supposed to wait for 30 minutes before eating and drinking and avoid rubbing the area with your tongue. That seems… unlikely. We’ve all got that little masochistic streak in us that means you can’t quite leave it alone. I’m therefore not sure how long the barrier will stay in place for.
This product isn’t cheap, coming in at £7 a pack. That seems pretty steep to me, especially for something that is self-limiting and will probably resolve in two or three days.
Not a medicine as such, but a product that has some prior plausibility and some evidence suggesting it may work. Pretty pricey, but I guess if you’re going out for an important curry or something, you might decide it’s worthwhile. There aren’t that many other options available that aren’t hokum or placebos, so I’d actually-for once- be fairly happy to recommend this product to some patients over the counter.